– Rai Fanindra (Tour and Trekking Guide in Nepal)
Siddhartha Gautam was born in 623 BC. He became Buddha or enlightened in the age of 35 after the six years of meditation. He became the liberated person for the people through his wisdom. Many people are following the path of Buddha is known as Buddhist and those Buddhist thought, wisdom, morality, iconography and practices are known as Buddhism. So Buddhism covers the vast subject matters of Buddhist followers. Buddhism is the perspective upon the nature and consequences of mind and soul; birth, death and reincarnation; liberation and salvation through the philosophy of Gautam Buddha. Tripitak (three baskets) is the main book of collection of preaching delivered to Vikshu by Buddha. The Tripitak is divided into three sections having different realm: Rules of Discipline (Vinaya), Buddha’s discourses (Sutras), Analytical and explanatory texts or commentaries (Avidhamma).
|Boudha Stupa after earthquake renovation.|
|Amogha Siddi Buddha|
In 6th century BC, Shakyamuni King Shuddodan and Queen Mayadevi were ruling the Kapilvastu state. Mayadevi became pregnant and acknowledged not to give birth in palace. So she had to leave the palace for delivering baby. When she was going to Devadaha (her parental house), she arrived Lumbini (Rumini). She saw a beautiful garden and holy pound, she took rest there. She had delivery there which was the birth of Siddharta Gautam. Mayadevi returned to Kapilvastu and she died after seven days. Gautam was raised by his mother’s younger sister, Maha Prajapati, after his mother’s death. Siddhartha Gautam married with Yasodhara and they had one child, a son, Rahul. Siddhartha Gautam was not happy even he was in palace. He saw the “Four Passing Sights”: an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and saint. Then After, Gautam knew that nothing can stop people from being born, becoming old, getting sick, and dying. So, he left the family and palace at the age of 29 for the quest of knowledge. He went to Bodhgaya and he deeply absorbed in meditation seating beneath the Budhi Tree (Ficus religiosa). He was enlightened after six year of meditation at the age of 35. He enlightened only after having the food given by a women which is called mid- way Path. The name Siddhartha Gautam transformed into Gautam Buddha after enlightenment. And Gautam Buddha delivered his first teaching to five Vikshus in Deer Park, Saranath. Many Vikshus and Vikshuni followed him for salvation during his life time.