Sunday, October 1, 2017

Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP)'s Activities

The Annapurna Conservation Area is Nepal's largest protected area covering 7,629 km2 (2,946 sq mi) in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas across the Manang, Mustang, Kaski, Myagdi, and Lamjung districts. The area ranges in altitude from 790 m (2,590 ft) to the peak of Annapurna I at 8,091 m (26,545 ft).

The multifaceted problems of ACA have been addressed through an integrated, community based conservation and development approach, an experimental model which has been in the vanguard of promoting the concepts of “Conservation Area” through an “Integrated Conservation and Development Programme” approach in the country and abroad.

Annapurna Conservation Area Project's Activities: together with local communities

  • Visitor centers: in many places, info + leaflets on local villages and culture, local guided tours, festival dates
  • Check posts: in many places
  • Mustang Eco museum at South end of Jomsom, local culture, nature, geology
  • Garbage/pollution control: awareness, incinerators, clean-up campaigns, toilets
  • Conservation: tree planting, soil conservation, river bank protection, biodiversity survey and protection.
  • Alternative energy: micro hydro plants, solar water heaters, lights, etc
  • Trail improvement: widening, paving, bridges, signs, etc
  • Agriculture and gender development
  • Community infrastructure
  • Health services support
  • Conservation education
  • Heritage conservation
  • Lodge management and training
  • Training for guide and porters
  • Signs and notice board
  • Safe drinking water stations.

Thursday, September 14, 2017

Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trekking (Original Route)

Original trekking route to Everest Base Camp starts from Jiri and then ends at Lukla, the wonderful trekking is moderate in the beginning and to adventurous. This trek leads through many traditional Sherpa villages famous as mountaineers and warm hospitality. On this trekking, We can enjoy with the green scenery hills and panoramic view of Mt. Everest (8,848m / 29, 028ft) Lhotse (8,516 m-24,940 ft), Nuptse (7,855m-25,772 ft) and Lho – La or Khumbutse peak (6,036 m – 19,992ft) Mt. Lingtren (6,749 m / 22,142 ft) Chnagtse ( 7,583 m / 25,230 ft) Mt. Pumori (7,161 m / 25,772 ft)  Ama Dablam ( 6,812 m / 22,480 ft) Kangtenga (6,782 m / 22, 380 ft) Tharmarserku ( 6,623 m / 21, 855 ft) Kwangde (6,011 m / 19,837 ft) Kusum Khanguru (6,373 m / 21,030 ft) holy peak of Khumbi-la (5,761 m / 19,012 ft) and as far world’s 5th highest Mt. Makalu (8,463 m / 27, 766 ft) with trekking peaks Island Peak / Imjatse (6,160 m / 20,328ft) Lobuje Peak (6,119 m / 20,192 ft) Pokhalde ( 5,806 m / 19,159 ft) and many other smaller unnamed peaks.
Junbesi village, on the way to Everest trekking from Jiri

This remarkable trek starts from Jiri the old and original gateway to Everest area and then over to famous Junbesi, Takshindo and Namche Bazaar at 3,440 meters over the high pass Lamjura-la 3,530m with enough rest day for proper acclimatization and then heading higher to Imjatse valley through the Thyangboche and Pangboche then finally reaching our destination at world’s highest Mountain base camp at 5,360 meters and then climb up to Kalapathar the highest point of this trek at 5,555 meters and slowly with a scenic walk ending this beautiful and awesome trekking at scenic valley at Lukla.

Monday, July 10, 2017

Annapurna Circuit Trekking

Annapurna Region- Introduction- Since it opened to foreign trekkers in 1977, the Annapurna region has become the most popular trek in Nepal.  The Annapurna Mountains are different, in that the border is well to the north so the Jomsom and Annapurna circuit treks both go north of the Himalayan watershed, into the high-altitude, dry, desert area which is characteristic of the Tibetan Plateau. The Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) is working to conserve the natural and cultural resources of the Annapurna area.
Annapurna circuit (Thorong –La Pass) Trekking – This trek takes 17 days and reaches a maximum height of 5416m at Thorong - La. The circuit is usually walked in anti-clock wise direction because clockwise is the longer ascent and shorter descent from west to east for the day of Throng-La pass at 5416m.

The trek starts from Beshisahar, Lamjung and ends in big touristic city Pokhara.  We have to fallow frist Marshyandi River and then Kaligandaki River. In this trekking, we can see Mountain Manaslu (8151m.), Annapurna I (8091m.), Annapurna II (7937m.), Annapurna III (7555m.), Annapurna IV (7525m.), Annapurna South (7219m.), Gangapurna (7454m.), Khangsar (7485m.), Dhaulagiri (8167m.), Tilicho (7134m), Chulu (6584m.) Tukuche (6920m.), Machhapuchhre (Fishtail 6997m.), Himchuli (6441m.) etc. This region is rich in flora and fauna.
Annapurna Circuit Trekking
Annapurna Circuit Trekking


  1. Kathmandu to Beshisahar 180km, 7 hour drive
  2. Beshisahar to Bahundanda (5-6 hours) – At the north end of the Beshisahar bazaar, trail follows staircase down to Puwa Khola (Small river), cross and just walk along the road. We find some small tea shop on the way. Next is Balam Khola. There will be wooden bridge in summer time, even in the month October –November. After 1.30 hours from Beshisahar we get Khudi village.  We have to cross Khudi river by suspension bridge. After 40 minutes, we have to cross the Marshyandi River by suspension bridge at Bhulbhule. There are many lodges as well as ACAP check post. There is Lampata village before Ngadi village, cross the Ngadi River. The way is up from Ngadi to Bahundanda (hill). It takes 3.30 hours from Bhulbhule to Bahundanda (1310m.)
  3. Bahundanda to Chamje (6 hours) – The way is steep down and straight to Konigau. There are a few lodges. Next village is Ghermu Phant, there are many lodges. From Ghermu Phant, the way is down to Syange with the frontal view of water fall. We have to cross Marshyandi River by suspension bridge. There are some lodges in Syange. The way is straight from Syange to Shri Chour, then walk up and down to Jagat. There is big settlement. And slightly up way to Chamje at 1433m. We can see the 200m. beautiful waterfalls before Chamje.
  4. Chamje to Danaqu (7hours)- Cross the Marshyandi river nearby Chamje. We can see marijuana on the trail side. Tal is big village. We have to cross 3 times suspension bridge of Marshyandi River from Tal to Dharapani. There is ACAP check post and many lodges in Dharapani. Trekking trail from Manaslu Round (Larke –pass) joins there in Dharapani. The way is straight and slightly up from Dharapani to Danaqu (2300m.). We can see Manaslu to east from Danaqu.
  5. Danaqu to Chame (5 hrs.) – The way is up from Danaqu to Timang (2750m.) Timang village is beautiful, good view of Manaslu. After Timang, the way is straight, a little down and short up to Koto. The Koto is gateway to Nar- Phoo trekking. There is ACAP check post. It takes 40 min. from Koto to Chame (2670m.) Chame is district headquarter of Manang.  There is big settlement with charming view of Lamjung Himal.
  6. Chame to Pisang (6 hours) -    There is suspension bridge at the end of Chame village. After crossing the river, we get good view of Lamjung Himal and down ridge of Annapurna II from the trail. The trail is straight to Bhratang. There is long mani wall. After some time from Bhratang, again cross the Marshyandi River and trail is up to Dhikur Pokhari. There is pound and some restaurant. The trail is straight from Dhikur Pokhari to Pisang (3200m.)
  7. Pisang to Manang (6 hrs.) -  There are two trails to  get Manang. The short rout is along the Marshyandi River and alternative route, longer route is through the Ghyaru and Ngawal village. Most of trekkers use this longer trail. The way is first straight and then up from Pisang to Ghyaru (3673m.) and straight to NGawal (3650m.). These villages are very old and traditional with the panoramic view of Annapurna range and Gangapurna. The trail bends down from Ngawal to Mungi, where joins the main trail from Pisang, and straight way to Manag through the Braka village.
  8.  Manang to Yakkharka (4hpurs) – The trail is up to Tanki village (last traditional village).  The way is slightly up from Tanki to Yakkharka (4050m.). We probably find yak pasturing.  Yakkharka means yak paturing.
  9. Yakkharka to Thorong Phedi (3 hrs.) – Way is slightly up to Ledar. After Ledar, the way is straight short down and short up. We find a tea shop. Probably we can see the wild animal Blue Sheep. The trail is straight from the tea shop to Thorong Phedi (4550m.)
  10. Thorong Phedi to Muktinath (8 hours) – The very beginning trail is steep up an hour to high camp, and slightly up and up to Thorong la top. It takes 4 hours from Thorong Phedi to top at 5416m. and another 3 hours from top to Muktinath (3800m.)
  11. Muktinath to Jomsom (5 hours) - Trek to Jomsom descends from here, with views of the Kaligandaki River far below and Nilgiri and Dhaulagiri peaks towering in the west. At Eklobhatti Village the trail conjoins with the path from Kagbeni winding along the valley floor through beautiful barren lands with snow capped peaks in the distance.
  12. Jomsom to  Tukche (4 hrs) - Trek along a river bed (where you can look for ammonite fossils) and then by apple, peach and apricot orchards. We will pass through Marpha, a peaceful Tibetan settlement with a large temple and monastery, before reaching Tukche.
  13. Tukuche to Ghasa (6 hour)- We trek along the river valley with a few tributary crossings before reaching Larjung. After Dhampu the scenery changes dramatically, as we enter a pine forest with lush vegetation and have beautiful views of Mt. Dhaulagiri and the Annapurna region. The trek from Kalopani to Lete Khola gradually goes down before the final climb to Ghasa.
  14. Ghasa to Tatopani (6 hour) - The trek is a gradual descent through valleys and fields with beautiful rupse chahara (waterfall) along the way. We will stop in Dana Village, site of the deepest gorge in the world, and have lunch. Tatopani (hot water), where we will be stopping, is home to some wonderful hot springs that sit beside the icy river. It is here that you will have your first opportunity in many days to have a nice soak.
  15. Tatopani to Ghorepani 7 hour - This 13km/7hrs trek is a challenging ascent, but it is well worth the sunset view over the profiles of Mt. Dhaulagiri and Annapurna.
  16. Ghorepani to Pokhara  - The day begins with a pre-sunrise hike (45 minutes) up to Poon Hill (3,193m/10,505ft), the highest hill on the entire trek, for amazing views and photo opportunities of the Mustang and Pokhara Valleys. From the top you can see as many as 30 snow capped peaks, including the Annapurna range and Dhaulagiri. Trek 16km/6.5hrs down to Nayapul (1,100m/3,619ft) and drive 33km (1 hr) to Pokhara.
  17. Pokhara to Kathmandu 210 km 7 hour drive.

Destination Manang

Manang awe inspiring natural beauty and rich cultural heritage make this a truly an unforgettable part of the world. Manang  district is one of the remotest district of Nepal,  and covering an area of 1914 km2, is about a third of ACA area of responsibility. The 5000 residents are physical defined by three regions.
Trekking in Manang

1. Nyesang – which extends Pisang to Khangsar
2. Gyalsomdo – Which extends Tal to Chame
3. Naar Phoo Valley – North part of Manang, which is just opened for foreigners.

1. Nesyang – The upper valley of Manang district, known locally as Nyesang, extends 20 km from Pisang (3200m)to Khangsar (3730m) and lies at an average elevation of 3500m. The inhabitants known as Nyesangpa or more popularly Manangi are said to have migrated from Tengur in Tibet and have settled the area for some hundreds of years. The population of Nyesang also includes Ghale, Gurung and immigrant Tibetan people, although the culture and traditions of the area are strongly motivated by Lamaist Buddhist practices, evidenced by the streaming prayerflags and mani wlls as well as the many Gompa of the area (the oldest of which predate the 14th century). Traditionally the people of the region have been great traders, a fact certified by royal warrant in 1984 during the region of Gorkha Kings. Since that time Manang people have been involved in trading herbs, animal product and other local commodities on the national and international stage. With the decline in urban opportunity and local development of the tourism industry, many Manangi families have moved their enterprises back to Nyesang with particular in hotels, restaurants and shops catering to the tourist trade. Although tourism has become increasingly important to the prosperity of the region, agriculture remains the basic of the local economy and way of life. Barley, Wheat, Buckwheat and Potato are the main crops, which are harvested once a year (march-November). The Nyesang valley also forms important pasture land for grazing yaks, cows, goats, sheep and horse.
Trekking in Manang

2. Gyalsomdo : Gyalsomdo is the southernmost region of Manang district, extending from tal to Chame,  situated in Marshyandi gorge.  The people of the region are mostly Gurung, followers of pre- Buddhist Bonpo religious tradition. However, Ghale, Lama, Gurung, Ghotiya, kami and immigrant Tibetan people have made home in Gyalsomdo. In the past, Gyalsomdo was an important center for the salt trade crossing Larke pass.  Today, the local economy is dependent on agriculture, livestock, wage labor and tourism.

3. Nar –Phoo:  The Nar –Phoo region is the northernmost area of Manang district bordering China (Tibet) and comprising the  very important in this physical isolated region, and like the Nyesang the people of Nar –Phoo are strong adherents to Lamaist Buddhist.

Sunday, July 9, 2017

Culturally recommended behavior in Nepal

Namaste means hello
Namaste (Photo Source: Raiguide)

You are a guest in Nepal and it is appreciated if you behave like Nepali.

  • Say Namaste when you meet people.
  • Dress decently (no short or revealing clothes)
  • Do not show affection in public.
  • Do not point your feet (unclean) to people and point with full hand, not with one finger.
  • Do not step over person.
  • Do not touch or step over offering (red powder, flowers, rice).
  • Do not use your left hand (dirtu).
  • Receive and give with two hands.
  • Ask permission before taking people’s photographs.
  • Do not give local kids for pens or sweets.
  • Discourage begging, pay fair prices.
  • Take your shoes before entering a monastery or house.
  • Go clockwise around Stupa, Mani etc.
  • Do not eat, smoke or be loud at religious sites.
  • Women should avoid touching monks/lamas.

Friday, June 9, 2017

Drone flight test at Kalapathar, Everest

A drone flight test was successfully  conducted at Kala Patthar (5600 metre) near Mt Everest in first week of June, 2017.

Drone flight in Everest

The drone is called ‘Lotus’ and its weight is under 0.5 kg. “It is a fully modular 3D printer design to allow low cost and easy maintenance for drone parts showing a high rate of failure in high altitude conditions. The drone is equipped with a thermal camera and visual First Person View camera for navigation and observation.

It took five minutes to set up the drone, ground station and transmitter. The first flight was attempted on Lotus with the flip attached to it, the drone could not achieve flight at 100% throttle.

The drones can be used in extreme environmental as well as man-made conditions. The sensor-equipped, unmanned aircraft was previously used to locate avalanche victims and assist in wildlife conservation projects in Nepal.

Sunday, May 28, 2017

Langtang Valley & Gosainkund Trekking after the Earthquake

Langtang Valley Trek is a pleasant trip in Nepal. The Langtang valley declared as Langtang National Park in 1976 and covering approximately 1710sq. km stretching up to the Tibetan border. Trekkers will be surrounded by awesome forest, high peaks and Himalaya range of mountains.
Langtang Valley and Gosaikunda Trekking, kyanjin Gompa

On this trek Langtang Valley & Gosainkund you can view from Annapurna I (8,091m / 26,545ft) Annapurna South (7,219m-23,693ft), 08th highest Mt. Manaslu at 8,163 m, Ganesh Himal Ganesh Himal (7,405 m) Langtang Lirung (7,234 m)  Ghengu Liru(Langtang II 6571m / 21,560ft), and to the south, the Chimsedang Lekh forms a ridge of peaks which includes Naya-Kanga (5,846m) and Gangchempo, Tilman's beautiful Fluted Peak. Beyond it extends to the Jugal Himal, terminating in Dorje Lakpa (6,980m/22,929ft).

Langtang Valley & Gosainkund one of the most popular and trekking region due to its easy accessibility from Kathmandu to Syabrubesi, the trek is moderate with ups and downs trail.

This trek leads through many traditional Tamang villages famous for culture and Buddhist religion and as well for mountain and trekking guides they are also well known for making unique wooden handcrafts and Thanka painting.

This remarkable trek starts from Syabrubesi and into enchanting forest of rhododendron, oaks and pines tree lines where the rare red panda, snow leopard roams with other wild life in this beautiful Himalayan environment.

Drive to Syabrubesi 1,460 m - 07 hrs journey.
Starting this wonderful journey driving towards North West of Kathmandu passing interesting villages and towns with fabulous scenery of hills, farm terraces and snow capped peaks after the warm area reaching to cooler region at Langtang National Park entrance in Dhunche 1950 meters, the one and the only major town of Rasuwa district and Langtang area, inhabited mostly of Tamang ethnic tribes throughout the area of this trekking.
Langtang Valley and Gosaikunda Trekking, Syabrubesi
Langtang Valley and Gosaikunda Trekking, Syabrubesi

Thursday, February 23, 2017


– Rai Fanindra (Tour and Trekking Guide in Nepal)

Siddhartha Gautam was born in 623 BC. He became Buddha or enlightened in the age of 35 after the six years of meditation. He became the liberated person for the people through his wisdom. Many people are following the path of Buddha is known as Buddhist and those Buddhist thought, wisdom, morality, iconography and practices are known as Buddhism. So Buddhism covers the vast subject matters of Buddhist followers. Buddhism is the perspective upon the nature and consequences of mind and soul; birth, death and reincarnation; liberation and salvation through the philosophy of Gautam Buddha. Tripitak (three baskets) is the main book of collection of preaching delivered to Vikshu by Buddha. The Tripitak is divided into three sections having different realm: Rules of Discipline (Vinaya), Buddha’s discourses (Sutras), Analytical and explanatory texts or commentaries (Avidhamma).
Boudha Stupa after earthquake renovation.

Akshybya Buddha

Amitabha Buddha

Amogha Siddi Buddha

Vairochan Buddha

In 6th century BC, Shakyamuni King Shuddodan and Queen Mayadevi were ruling the Kapilvastu state. Mayadevi became pregnant and acknowledged not to give birth in palace. So she had to leave the palace for delivering baby. When she was going to Devadaha (her parental house), she arrived Lumbini (Rumini). She saw a beautiful garden and holy pound, she took rest there. She had delivery there which was the birth of Siddharta Gautam. Mayadevi returned to Kapilvastu and she died after seven days. Gautam was raised by his mother’s younger sister, Maha Prajapati, after his mother’s death. Siddhartha Gautam married with Yasodhara and they had one child, a son, Rahul. Siddhartha Gautam was not happy even he was in palace. He saw the “Four Passing Sights”: an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and saint. Then After, Gautam knew that nothing can stop people from being born, becoming old, getting sick, and dying. So, he left the family and palace at the age of 29 for the quest of knowledge. He went to Bodhgaya and he deeply absorbed in meditation seating beneath the Budhi Tree (Ficus religiosa). He was enlightened after six year of meditation at the age of 35. He enlightened only after having the food given by a women which is called mid- way Path. The name Siddhartha Gautam transformed into Gautam Buddha after enlightenment. And Gautam Buddha delivered his first teaching to five Vikshus in Deer Park, Saranath. Many Vikshus and Vikshuni followed him for salvation during his life time.